The many faces of Mymensingh—Bangladesh

Bengal Tiger

English: Intercity Train Tista Express
English: Intercity Train Tista Express (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
View of Mosque 2

View of Mosque 2 (Photo credit: TushyD)

বাংলাদেশ কৃষি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের পাশে বয়ে যাওয়...

বাংলাদেশ কৃষি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের পাশে বয়ে যাওয়া ব্রহ্মপুত্রের শান্ত-সৌম্য সৌন্দর্য (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Boro Masjid

The Boro Masjid (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

RPCL and Brahmaputra river.

Radha Krishna in a temple Mymensingh
Radha Krishna in a temple Mymensingh (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Mymensingh TTC (ladies)

Mymensingh TTC (ladies) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Durga Puja in Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Durga Puja in Mymensingh, Bangladesh (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Relief map of the Brahmaputra system

Relief map of the Brahmaputra system (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alphie,Susan,Gepetto, today I am going to tell you about another city in Bangladesh.It will have little or no similarity with Sydney, Delhi,or Amritsar or even Agra,but it has its own attractions.This is why you will find it impressive.

The history of Mymensingh refers to the history of old greater Mymensingh district.These are kishoreganj,Netrakona,Tangail,Jamshedpur and Sherpur.These are districts in Dhaka division of Bangladesh.

In ancient times the area was mostly part of Vangha, a non Aryan territory covering the eastern part of the Gangetic delta.Some writers think it also covered territories east of the old course of BrahmaPutra.

The impact of Aryan-Brahmana culture was felt in Bengal long after it spread across Northern India./The non-Aryan people living in Bengal were very powerful,therefore the spread of Aryan-Brahman culture was strongly resisted.

In 1491 Feroze Shah  2nd ascended the throne of independent Bengal Sultanate,he sent his general Majlis Khan Humayun to attack Sherpur.He defeated the ruler there.This was the beginning of Pathan rule in the Mymensingh area.Hussein Shah the Pathan ruler extended the entire Mymensingh area in his Sultanate in 1498.It has been said,every time Hussein Shah conquered a territory,he built a mosque as a mark of his victory.Atiya Masjid was built by Hussein Shah. The present mosque at Atiya was built by Saiyyad Khan Panni on the banks of the river Louahajganj.It was constructed in 1608.

In 1550 Akbar sent Todar Mall to quell disturbances in Bihar,along with his success in Bihar,Todar Mall was successful in building a rapport for rent collection tn Bengal .He divided Bengal into 19 sirkars ,which was further sub-divided into 682 mahals.The Nasrat area was reconstituted Sirkar Bazuha.It was divided into 32 Mahals.One of them was named Momenshahi and Alapsingh joined together and was Mymensingh.

In July 1792, the postal system was established with the setting up of eight post offices between Dhaka and Mymensingh.In 1793 the use of copper coins were introduced They replaced the system of karis and dhamris.In 1800 the old coins were replaced by coins of East India Company.The Dhaka-Mymensingh telagraph line was established in 1883.The railway was opened in 1886.The district board was set up in 1887.

Beginning of Mymensingh Dhaka Road

Beginning of Mymensingh Dhaka Road (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Gepetto liked what he saw,Alphie and Susan did not tell me anything.I presume they liked it.

I remember a bit about the teachers training college, my class mate and I went there,we were accepted.I did not like the appearance of the building.To me it looked like a ghost house.I  went elsewhere to get my B.Ed degree.

It is time to say,Allah Hafiz to all of you, From :Alphie,Susan,Gepetto and Ranu.

Mymensingh Rajbari

Mymensingh Rajbari (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Bogra-A city in Bangladesh

Mazar Roundabout

Mazar Roundabout (Photo credit: nasnas)

BOGRA, Solingen-Wald

BOGRA, Solingen-Wald (Photo credit: sludgegulper)

Bangladesh Bank regional office, Sherpur Road,...

Bangladesh Bank regional office, Sherpur Road, Bogra, Bangladesh. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ramparts of Mahsthangarh

Ramparts of Mahsthangarh (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Statuettes of the Maurya period, 4th–3rd centu...

Statuettes of the Maurya period, 4th–3rd century BCE. Musée Guimet. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sherpur Road, Bogra Sadar, Bogra, Bangladesh.

Sherpur Road, Bogra Sadar, Bogra, Bangladesh. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: A map of the Maurya Dynasty, showing ...

English: A map of the Maurya Dynasty, showing major ciies, early Buddhist sites, Ashokan Edicts, etc. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This district town serves as the nerve centre of Northern Bangladesh.Some of the largest coal and lime deposits of the country have been discovered in this area.Twelve miles off the town is an interesting historical spot——the Mahanastangarh. Here buried among the mounds of earth—some of which have been excavated—-lies the ruins of the earliest known capital of Bengal.

The Maurya Empire and other rulers had their capital here.The ruins of this great ancient city is situated on the Western bank of river Korotoa,which is a past glory of Bogra. Sir Conningham is credited with identifying Mahastan,the great Muslim city. Ira M.Lapidus,in his book , A history of Islamic societies says that independent Muslim Kingdom existed in Bengal between 1346 C.E and 1576 c.E. He also mentions that Muslim scholars ,scribes ,sufis poets and intellectuals,came here from other parts of the world.These writers and Muslim rulers adopted the local language.

In the year 1680 C.E Emperor Aurangzeb appointed zamindars of Bihar ,Syed Raza,Syed Tahir and Syed Abdur Rahman the three brothers,to take care of the Mazars and Mausoleums of Mahastan Garh. They were awarded some lands for this purpose. The award letter was written in Persian and inscribed in bronze.In this “Farman” or “Sanad” Emperor Aurangzeb called it an “Astana”of Sultan Mahmud of Mahisawar and not a Mazar. On the Southern gate entrance Wall, is engraved in Bengali:  Narsingh Roy Dashoshsho” which means, “Subject”,No one knows who is “Narshingh” and who is he and whose  subject is he  of? Approximately half a mile North West of Garh lies the houses,locally known as Porshuram.

The past history of Bogra is very interesting.There were quite a few well-known people  born here. Muhammad Ali of Bogra is one of them. The melodious singer Anjuman Ara and her cousin Runa Laila are from Bogra as well.

I was able to collect some valuable information.I would never have known,I thank God for the opportunity and also many thanks to my good friends who encouraged me to keep on going. How can anyone survive without friends like mine, I can only say they are gifts from our, ”Divine Creator.”  This reminds me of the lyrics of the song, ‘Sometime in my youth or childhood,I must have done something good’.

From all of us Alphie,Susan And my little friend Gepetto and the guide, “Au Revoir.” We hope to see you very soon!